Marine Life Identification

December 19, 2011

  Common Name Hawaiian Name Scientific Name
Angelfish      
  Fisher’s angelfish   Centropyge fisheri
Flame angelfish   Centropyge loriculus
Japanese angelfish   Centropyge interrupta
Potters angelfish   Centropyge potteri
Bandit angelfish   Holacanthus arcuatus
Masked angelfish   Genicanthus personatus
Butterflyflish      
Threadfin butterflyfish lau-hau Chaetodon auriga
  Speckled butterflyfish   Chaetodon eqhippium
  Saddleback butterflyfish   Chaetodon eqhippium
Pennant butterflyfish   Heniochus diphreutes
Bluestripe butterflyfish kikakapu Chaetodon fremblii
Blacklip butterflyfish   Chaetodon kleinii
  Lined butterflyfish kikakapu Chaetodon lineolatus
Raccoon butterflyfish kikakapu Chaetodon lunula
Oval butterflyfish   Chaetodon lunulatus
Milletseed butterflyfish lauwiliwili Chaetodon miliaris
Multiband butterflyfish   Chaetodon multicinctus
Ornate butterflyfish kikakapu Chaetodon ornatissimus
Fourspot butterflyfish lau-hau Chaetodon quadrimaculatus
Reticulated butterflyfish   Chaetodon reticulatus
Tinker’s butterflyfish   Chaetodon tinkeri
  Chevron butterflyfish   Chaetodon trifascialis
Teardrop butterflyfish kikakapu Chaetodon unimaculatus
Longnose butterflyfish lau-wiliwili-nukunuku-oi’oi Forcipiger sp.
Pyramid butterflyfish   Hemitaurichthys polylepis
  Thompson’s butterflyfish   Hemitaurichthys thompsoni
       

Damselfish

     
Sergeant Major damselfish mamo Abudefduf abdominalis

Blackspot Sergeant damselfish kupipi Abudefduf sordidus
Agile Chromis   Chromis agilis
Chocolate-dip Chromis   Chromis hanui
Oval Chromis   Chromis ovalis

Blackfin Chromis   Chromis vanderbilti
Threespot Chromis   Chromis verater
Hawaiian Dascyllus alo’ilo’i Dascyllus albisella

Bright-eye damselfish   Plectroglyphidodon imparipennis
Blue-eye damselfish   Plectroglyphidodon johnstonianus

Hawaiian Rock damselfish   Plectroglyphidodon sindonis
Pacific Gregory   Stegaster fasciolatus

Eels

     
Large-eye Conger eel puhi Ariosoma marginatum
Crocodile Snake eel puhi Brachysomophis crocodilinus
Bearded Cust eel puhi-palahoana Brotula multibarbata
Freckled Snake eel puhi Callechelys lutea
Conger eel puhi-uha Conger cinereus
Garden eel puhi Gorgasia hawaiiensis

Dwarf Moray puhi Gymnothorax melatremus
Whitemouth Moray puhi Gymnothorax meleagris

Yellowmouth Moray puhi Gymnothorax nudivomer
Viper Moray puhi-kauila Enchelynassa canina
Snowflake eel puhi-kapa Echidna nebulosa
Dragon Moray puhi-kauila Enchelycore pardalis
Zebra Moray puhi Gymnomuraena zebra
Whitemargin Moray puhi Gymnothorax albimarginatus
Stout Moray puhi Gymnothorax eurostus
Yellowmargin Moray puhi paka Gymnothorax flavimarginatus
Yellowhead Moray puhi-ou Gymnothorax rueppelliae
Undulated Moray puhi-lau-milo Gymnothorax undulatus
Tiger Moray puhi Scuticaria tigrinus
Spotted Snake eel puhi-la’au Myrichthys maculosus

Filefish

     

Scribbled filefish loulu Aluterus scriptus

Barred filefish ‘ō’ili Cantherhines dumerilii

Hawaiian filefish ‘ō’ili-lepa Cantherhines sandwichiensis

Shy filefish ‘ō’ili Cantherhines verecundus

Yellow filefish ‘ō’ili Pervagor aspricaudus

Fantail filefish ‘ō’ili-’uwi’uwi Pervagor spilosoma

Goatfish

     

Yellowstripe goatfish weke’ā

Mulloidichthys flavolineatus

Yellowfin goatfish weke’-ula

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis

Orange goatfish

Mulloidichthys pflugeri

Doublebar goatfish mumu

Parupeneus bifasciatus

Goldsaddle goatfish moano hulu

Parupeneus cyclostomus

Manybar goatfish moano

Parupeneus multifasciatus

Sidespot goatfish moano

Parupeneus pleurostigma

Whitesaddle goatfish kumu

Parupeneus porphyreus

Bandtail goatfish weke pueo

Upeneus taeniopterus

Gobies & Dartfish

   

 

Eye-bar goby  

Gnatholepis anjerensis

Common goby ‘o’opu-’ohune

Bathygobius fuscus

Whip-coral goby  

Bryaninops yongei

Golden Green goby  

Priolepis aureoviridis

Fire dartfish

Nemateleotris magnifica

Indigo dartfish

Ptereleotris heteroptera

Curious wormfish

Gunnellichthys curiosus

Grouper & Anthias

   

 

Hawaiian grouper hāpu’u

Epinephelus quernus

Peacock grouper roi

Cephalopholis argus

Bicolor anthias

Pseudanthias bicolor

Hawaiian anthias

Pseudanthias thompsoni

Longfin anthias

Pseudanthias ventralis

   

 

Hawkfish

   

 

Stocky hawkfish po’o-pa’a

Cirrhitus pinnulatus

Redbanded hawkfish pili-ko’a

Cirrhitops fasciatus

Longnose hawkfish

Oxycirrhites typus

Arc-eye hawkfish pili-ko’a

Paracirrhites arcatus

Blackside hawkfish hilu pili-ko’a

Paracirrhites foresteri

Hawaiian morwong kikakapu

Cheilodactylus vittatus

Jacks (Trevally)

   

 

Giant trevally ulua aukea

Caranx ignobilis

Bluefin trevally omilu

Caranx melampygus

Yellowspotted jack ulua

Carangoides orthogrammus

Bigeye jack ulua

Caranx sexfasciatus

Rainbow Runner kamanu

Elagatis bipinnulatus

Golden trevally ulua pa’opa’o

Gnathanodon speciosus

Thicklipped jack butaguchi

Pseudocaranx dentex

Leatherback lai

Scomberoides lysan

Amberjack kahala

Seriola dumerili

Mackerel scad opelu

Decapterus macarellusf

Bigeye scad akule

Selar crumenophthalmus

Lizardfish

   

 

Orangemouth lizardfish ulae

Saurida flamma

Twospot lizardfish ulae

Synodus binotatus

Reef lizardfish ulae

Synodus veriegatus

Parrotfish

   

 

Star-eyed parrotfish uhu

Calotomus carolinus

Yellowbar parrotfish uhu

Calotomus zonarchus

Regal parrotfish lauia

Scarus dubius

Spectacled parrotfish uhu-uliuli

Scarus perspicillatus

Palenose parrotfish uhu

Scarus psittacus

Redlip parrotfish uhu’ili’ili

Scarus rubroviolaceus

Bullethead parrotfish uhu

Scarus sordidus

Posted in Natural History

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